Purulent dermatitis is a common dermatological problem in veterinary offices. Often their occurrence is associated with the season (increase in temperature and humidity) or damage to the epidermis resulting from seborrhea or self-injury caused by itching. They result from the excessive multiplication of bacteria that are components of the physiological biota of the skin. 


Long-haired and dense-coated dogs (Labradors, Golden Retrievers, German Shepherds, Cocker Spaniels) are the most susceptible to acute exuding dermatitis. The main cause of hotspots is the already mentioned humidity, but it can also be caused by allergic reactions (e.g. to parasites).


The first symptom that appears when such a problem occurs is skin erythema, followed by itching, which leads to licking and scratching the inflamed area. Licking also produces exudate, the area’s fur is sticky, and the bacterial contaminated area may also smell bad. Swelling caused by inflammation of the hair follicle can also join these symptoms. Such damaged skin is a very painful place that causes discomfort.

 

The hot spot gives very characteristic clinical symptoms, thanks to which an accurate diagnosis of the problem should not be difficult.

 

With such a problem, you should go to a veterinarian, who, after an interview and thorough examination of our dog, will select the appropriate treatment. Apart from systemic drugs (including antibiotics), topical preparations are an important element of therapy. Medicinal shampoo therapies bring good results, thanks to which the healing of dermatological changes is accelerated. In order to strengthen and extend the action of the shampoo, you can also use a nourishing emulsion and a specialized anti-inflammatory spray that restores the microbiological balance. Such complementary protection and care are provided by the latest POLIDERM line products. Also helpful in combating hot spot lesions are Elizabethan collars, which prevent animals from licking affected areas.
You should be aware that, unfortunately, the hot spot has a tendency to recur and if this problem affects your dog once, it is likely that you will have to prepare to fight this problem in the future.